Violent and Abusive Behavior

V. Key Issues: Population Health >> E. Health Promotion >> Violent and Abusive Behavior (last updated 7.19.16)

Current Policy

Homicide

Firearms

Sex Trafficking

  • Mann Act (1910). Prohibits transporting minors across state lines for purposes of engaging in prostitution.
  • Trafficking Victims Protection Act (TVPA) (2000).  Made “sex trafficking” and “unlawful conduct with respect to documents in furtherance of trafficking” federal offenses; created Office to Monitor and Combat Trafficking in Persons and gave federal government authority to seize traffickers’ assets (p. 23). The 2003 reauthorization gave law enforcement the authority to use wiretapping to investigate sex trafficking and child sexual exploitation and established “two strikes, you’re out” requirement of mandatory life imprisonment upon a second sex offense involving a minor (p. 23-24).
  • Justice for Victims of Trafficking Act (2015). Makes soliciting paid sex from a minor a form of federal sex trafficking; established a Domestic Trafficking Victims’ Fund into which anyone convicted of trafficking must pay $5,000. Websites and publishers (Craigslist, Twitter, Reddit) may be charged with sex trafficking if any victim is found to have advertised there (p. 24).
  • In 2014, 31 states passed new laws concerning human trafficking; since the start of 2015, at least 22 states have done so (p. 24). Article includes 3 maps showing how laws vary by state (p. 23-24).
  • Uniform Law Commission (ULC)Uniform Act on Prevention of and Remedies for Human Trafficking

Research and Analysis

Genocide

Homicide

Richard Friedman, director of the psychopharmacology clinic at the Weill Cornell Medical College, New York Times, 5.28.14:

Firearms

Rape

  • Pregnancies from Rape Prove Tough to Count (Wall Street Journal, 8.25-26.12). The number of pregnancies resulting from rapes has been estimated to be between 25,000 and 32,101. But various estimates have been reported as low as 225 and 83,000.  In part this relates to widely varying estimates about the number of annual rapes, which in official government publications range from 64,000 to as many as 1.3 million a year.
    • FBI counted about 84,767 forcible rapes (i.e., excluding statutory rapes) in 2010 based on crime reports submitted by local law enforcement agencies.
    • Department of Justice National Crime Victimization Survey counted 188,380 rapes and sexual assaults in 2010.
    • Centers for Disease Control and Prevention conducts a victimization survey that counted 1.3 million rapes in 2010.

Sex Trafficking

  • Brown, Elizabeth. The War on Sex Trafficking is the New War on Drugs. Reason. November 2015. There are highly inflated estimates of the number of people who are trafficked into U.S. each year for forced sex or labor. From 2000-2002, State Department claimed the figure was 50,000, but subsequently lowered the figure to 14,500-17,500 in later years; today federal agencies simply refer to “thousands.”  Media sources have claimed 300,000-400,000 children were at risk annually for commercial sex exploitation, but this is based on a discredited study. From 2007 to fall 2008, 38 sex-trafficking task forces were funded with federal dollars, but only 1,229 suspected incidents were uncovered and only 14 underage victims were found.
  • State Department. Trafficking in Persons (2015). These reports have been issued annually since 2001.

Links

General Resources

Domestic Violence

Firearms

Homicide

  • UNODC Homicide Statistics. The backbone of the 2011 Global Study on Homicide, UNODC Homicide Statistics is a collection of statistical data on intentional homicide (unlawful death purposefully inflicted on a person by another person). The dataset covers 207 countries and territories and provides data on homicide levels, trends and contextual characteristics drawn from a variety of national and international sources relating to homicide.
  • Uniform Crime Reports (FBI).
  • FASTSTATS: Assault or Homicide (CDC).

Rape

Sex Trafficking

Suicide

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